ȭ ( ڿĹ )

ӽĹ Tracheophyta

  ڽĹ Angiospermae

   ڿ Ĺ Dicotyledoneae Magnoliopsidae

     ȭư Sympetalae Metachlamydeae

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1. ̴.

2. ɺθ ʾҴ  ·························································································1. ޷ Ericales

2. ɺθ پ ִ.

  3. ɺθ ϰų .

    4. 1 ̴ ··································································································2. ʸ Primulales

    4. 2-3 ̴ ······························································································3. Ebenales

  3. -θ ȣϰų .

    5. ɺθ Ǹ ƴϸ Ŵ Ѳó ʴ ̴.

      6. 2 ְų ٱ⵵ ϰ ɺθ Ģ̸ ɺθ غκп ޷ ִ ·························4. Gentianales

      6. 1 ̰ Ģ̰ų ұĢ̸ ȭ ߾κ ʿ ޷ ִ ··································5. ɽĹ Tubiflorales

    5. ɺθ Ǹ̸ Ѳ ································································6. ̸ Plantaginales

1. ̴.

7. ɹ ִ ········································································································ 7. μϸ Rubiales

7. ɹ پ ִ  ·······························································································8. ʷղɸ Campanulales